Movable shapes and scale patterns can allow you to play in any key by applying the same fingering pattern to a different root note. This means you can easily transpose between musical keys without too much difficulty.
To recap, you will find the following notes in the key of C major:
Let’s take a look at the note locations of C major scale across the entire fretboard. The root notes have been denoted by red circles.
Are you intimidated by the massive diagram and the prospect of memorizing it? Luckily for you, there’s a better way to go about doing this by breaking it up into smaller chunks.
Basically, the positioning of major scale notes can be divided into 5 main patterns on the fretboard. The reasons for dividing them like this to achieve efficient fingerings as well as to facilitate learning.
For your convenience, I included the scale degrees into the 5 patterns to help you better visualize what you are playing.
For a start, you should begin by committing patterns 1, 4 and 5 to your memory. The end goal is to fully memorize all of the 5 scale patterns as they come in handy during improvisation and soloing.
The beauty of learning the various fingerings is that you can easily improvise or transpose your playing to any key you want. The trick to doing this is to use the root note as a guide to transposing.
Let’s use Pattern 1 as an example to illustrate this and imagine that you want to play in the key of G major. Now, I’m sure you already know that the 1st note in G major starts with a G note.
Using the root note (red circle) as a guide, locate the G note along the 5th string and shift the entire pattern along the fretboard such that the root note starts at G note.
Transposing to G Major key
That’s all to it for transposing to different keys. Simple? The scale patterns remain the same except that the pattern is located at a different fret.
Below is another example of transposing Pattern 4 to F major. The point I want to bring across here is that you can move the pattern up or down the fretboard as long as the root note (red circle) begins with an F note.
Spending time to learn the scales is all for naught if you don’t practice or make use of them in your playing. Here’s a simple chord progression in C major where you can experiment around with your new found knowledge.
Try to make use of the various scale patterns and jam along to the backing track. Have fun and let me know what you can come up with!
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